Surgical vs. Non-Surgical Root Canal Therapy

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Surgical vs. Non-Surgical Root Canal Therapy

Root canal therapy is a common dental procedure designed to treat infections or damage within the pulp of a tooth. To fully embrace a holistic approach to root canal therapy in SE Calgary, it’s essential to delve into the nuanced disparities between traditional non-surgical root canal therapy and its surgical counterpart. 

While the conventional route often suffices, our exploration will shed light on the specific scenarios where surgical intervention becomes imperative. Navigate the intricacies of these two root canal procedures, guiding you to a deeper understanding of when each approach is recommended for optimal oral health in our vibrant community.

Non-Surgical Root Canal Therapy (Endodontic Treatment)

A non-surgical root canal is comparable to a dental filling, except that it treats deeper areas of the tooth. The interior of the tooth and the canals are then cleansed and sterilized before being filled with gutta-percha (a dental material).

Dentists in SE Calgary commonly use non-surgical root canal therapy, also known as endodontic treatment, as the conventional method to tackle problems within the tooth’s pulp without opting for surgical procedures. Here’s a concise overview of the process:

  1. Diagnosis and X-rays – The dentist begins by examining the affected tooth and conducting X-rays to assess the extent of the infection or damage within the pulp.
  2. Local Anesthesia – Local anesthetic is used to keep the patient comfortable during the treatment.
  3. Access Opening – The dentist creates a small access opening in the tooth, allowing them to reach the infected or damaged pulp.
  4. Pulp Removal – The diseased pulp is carefully removed, and the canals are cleaned and shaped to prepare for the filling.
  5. Filling and Sealing – The cleaned canals are filled with a biocompatible material, and the access opening is sealed with a temporary or permanent filling.

Surgical Root Canal Therapy (Apicoectomy)

Surgical root canals (also known as root canal retreatment or endodontic surgery) are similar to non-surgical root canals in that they remove infected pulp from a tooth and sterilize the interior of the tooth before filling it with gutta-percha and restoring it with a dental crown.

Surgical root canal therapy, or apicoectomy, is a more invasive procedure usually considered when non-surgical methods are insufficient. Here’s are the steps involved in this approach:

  1. Evaluation – If non-surgical treatment fails or if the anatomy of the tooth presents challenges, the dentist may recommend a surgical approach.
  2. Incision and Access – A small incision is made in the gum tissue to expose the root tip, and the infected or damaged tissue is removed.
  3. Root-End Resection – The root tip is resected, and a small portion of the root canal is removed to eliminate the source of infection.
  4. Filling and Sealing – Similar to non-surgical therapy, this type of root canal therapy near you employs a biocompatible material, and the gum tissue is sutured.
  5. Healing and Recovery –  Patients typically experience a brief recovery period, and post-operative care instructions are provided to optimize healing. 

Looking for a Good Dental Professional? 

Both surgical and non-surgical root canal therapies aim to save a compromised tooth and alleviate the pain associated with pulp infections. The choice between these approaches depends on various factors, including the nature and extent of the issue. If you’re facing the possibility of a root canal, consult with your dentist near you to determine the most appropriate treatment for your specific situation. Remember, early intervention and proper care can contribute to a successful outcome and the preservation of your natural tooth.

If you require a surgical root canal, our dentist can collaborate with you to recommend you to a highly competent and experienced local endodontist who possesses the specialized instruments and training required to perform this type of endodontic surgery. 

Please contact our local office to set up an appointment.